Sitka Spruce Tree. Recognize Sitka Spruce in the Pacific Northwest with these photos and descriptions, plus uses for Sitka Spruce.
See the kids playing on the great big tree below? Those are the roots. The roots dwarf the kids while the actual trunk is beyond their reach and soars over their head for 191 feet (58.2 m).
Sitka spruce trees grow to massive sizes. Some have been documented at 300 feet (91.4 m) tall and 15 feet (4.58 m) diameter at breast height (dbh), with a circumference of 58+ feet (17.7 m).
These children are clambering over the roots of the famous Quinault Spruce, located near Lake Quinault in the Olympic National Forest. It has a circumference of 58 feet 11 inches (18 m), and is 191 feet (58.2 m) tall. More photos of this impressive Sitka Spruce below.
Sitka spruce trees can be found in Pacific Northwest coastal rainforest areas where there is plenty of rain and fog to provide the moisture necessary for these trees to rapidly reach their great size.
However, the height of the tree does not necessarily equate with older age. The largest tree, the Queets spruce found along the Queets River in the Olympic National Park, is estimated to only be 350-450 years old, where others have been reported to be upwards of 700 years old. Many of the oldest and largest trees were logged before they could be accurately measured and documented.
Sitka Spruce begin their lives from a one eighth inch (3.25 mm) seed, very tiny for the size of the potential tree contained within.
A young spruce tree begins to produce cones between the age of 15-40, with the seeds ripening in late summer/early autumn.
Sitka Spruce wood is very strong in relation to its weight. Besides health and nutritional value, it also has excellent acoustic properties. Uses for Sitka Spruce wood include:
Make Your Own Spruce Tip Syrup
Serious pests include the white pine weevil, western hemlock loopers and western blackheaded budworm. It is also susceptible to various forms of rot and rust.
Internal rot, along with a strong wind, causes the demise of many of these formidable trees. This Sitka spruce along the Hoh River succumbed in this way.
On the banks of the Yakoun River in the Haida Gwaii archipelago in British Columbia grew a rare Golden Spruce. A rare genetic mutation caused the tree to grow golden needles which seemed to glow from within in the sunlight. Named Kiidk'yaas, meaning "Ancient Tree" in the Haida language, the golden Sitka Spruce was sacred to the people and central to their culture.
Tragically, in January 1997 in an angry fit of eco-terrorism, an unemployed forestry engineer damaged the 300-year-old tree so severely that it fell within a few days, bringing sorrow to many, especially the Haida people.
A Golden Spruce sapling cultivated from a cutting from the ancient tree was planted at the site in 2001. Read more about Kiidk'yaas here.
* dbh = diameter at breast height
This Sitka Spruce pictured at right is not a record-breaker, but it still soars nearly out of sight. Give it a few more years...!
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There is an incredible diversity and amazing array of beauty found in the Pacific Northwest flora! In this region, wild plant life can present as ancient giants, microscopic wonders, intoxicatingly fragrant, some edible, healing, others quite poisonous. Splashes of brilliant in color, or shrouded and mysterious, each one, amazing in its uniqueness...
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